Вышел очередной номер журнала Pandanus
Вышел 10-й номер журнала Pandanus. Номер состоит из двух томов.
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R.K.K. Rajarajan - 'Tirukkulam' or 'Teppakkulam' of South India: Jalavastu?
It is a matter for speculation whether the huge water-reservoirs, called teppakkuḷam (tirukkuḷam or tīrttakkuḷam) could be designated jalavāstu (water architecture). Meant for various purposes such as ritual bath, sacred dip of the processional images and festivals such as teppotsava, these ponds were natural springs to begin with. The origin could be traced back to the Indic culture, and these may be found all over purāṇic Bhāratavarṣa from Gandhāra to Rāmeśvaram. During the early medieval time (c. 7th–9th century CE) the reservoirs were fitted with architectural structures that reach a stage of maturation by about the Vijayanagara-Nāyaka time (16th–17th century CE). Above all, these were the abodes of nature harmonized with religion and ritual. The present article presents a brief sketch of the origin and evolution of the temple ponds based on literature, particularly Tamil, and epigraphy further supported by art historical evidences from the Himālayas in the north to Maturai in the Far South. A detailed enumeration of the architectural features of the monuments and rituals is not feasible, due mainly to the constraint of space.
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