13.09.2017

Вышла в свет книга The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil

Hein, Jeanne; Rajam, V.S. (eds)
The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil. Fr. Henriques' "Arte da Lingua Malabar": Translation, History and Analysis
Harvard University Press, 2013

Издан перевод Arte da Lingua Malabar - грамматики тамильского языка XVI века, составленной португальским священником-иезуитом Энрике Энрикесом. Энрикес написал грамматику для изучения языка миссионерами, собирающимися распространять религиозное знание среди населения  Южной Индии. Для описания языка он использовал грамматические категории латинского языка.

The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil

Содержание:

    Part I. Historical Context
        I. The Setting: The Paravas of the “Fishery Coast” in the 16th Century
        II. Missionary Activities
            IIa. Francis Xavier
            IIb. Fr. Henriques: Missionary and Linguist
        III. The Arte: Historical Studies from the Text
        IV. The Arte: As Document in the Cultural Encounter
        V. Confidence
    Part II. Translation of the Arte da Lingua Malabar
        Alphabet and Pronunciation
        The Declensions of the Nouns
            First Declension
            Second Declension
            Third Declension
            Fourth Declension
            Fifth Declension
                First Class
                Second Class
                Third Class
            Honorific Form
            General Rules for Declining Easily
        Concerning Adjective Nouns
        The Pronouns
        Concerning Participles
            Present Participle
            Preterit Participle
            Negative Future Participle
            The Participle which Has the Likeness of Future Participle
        Conjugation of Verbs
            First Conjugation
            Second Conjugation
            [Third Conjugation]
            Fourth Conjugation
            Fifth Conjugation
            Sixth Conjugation
            Seventh Conjugation
            Eighth Conjugation
            Ninth Conjugation
        Personal Verbs
            First Conjugation
                Present Tense
                The Preterit
                The Affirmative Future
                The Imperative
                Negative Future
                The Infinitive
                Rules
                Verbs of the First Conjugation
            Second Conjugation
                Present Tense
                The Preterit
                Affirmative Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Second Conjugation
            Third Conjugation
                Present—First Class
                    Affirmative Future
                    Imperative
                    Negative Future
                    Infinitive
                Present—Second Class
                    Imperative
                    Negative Future
                Summary—Third Conjugation
            Fourth Conjugation
                Present
                Preterite
                Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Fourth Conjugation
            Fifth Conjugation
                Fifth Conjugation—First Class
                    Present
                    Preterite
                    Future
                    Imperative
                    Infinitive
                Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
                    Present
                    Preterite
                    Future
                    Imperative
                    Negative Future
                    Infinitive
                Summary—Fifth Conjugation—First Class
                Summary—Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
            Sixth Conjugation
                Present
                Preterite
                Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Sixth Conjugation
            Seventh Conjugation
                Present
                Preterite
                Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Seventh Conjugation
            Eighth Conjugation
                Present
                Preterite
                Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Eighth Conjugation
            Ninth Conjugation
                Present
                Preterite
                Future
                Imperative
                Negative Future
                Infinitive
                Summary—Ninth Conjugation
        Impersonal Verbs, or Concerning Irrational Things
            Present
            Preterite
            Affirmative Future
            Negative Future
            Infinitive
        Impersonal Verbs Not Derived from Personal Verbs
            Present
            Preterite
            Affirmative Future
            Negative Future
            Infinitive
        Concerning the Passive Verbs
            Present
            Preterite
            Affirmative Future
            Imperative
            Negative Future
            Infinitive
            Passive Verbs of the First Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Second Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Third Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Fifth Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Sixth Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Seventh Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Eighth Conjugation
            Passive Verbs of the Ninth Conjugation
        The Verb ‘To Be’
            Present
            Preterite
            The Future avê
            Imperative
            Negative Future
            Infinitive
        Sentences
            The Construction of This Malabar Language
            Some Ways of Speaking in This Language
        Conclusion
    Part III. Organization of the Arte
        Orthography
        Nouns
            The Five Declensions of Nouns
                First Declension
                Second Declension
                More Examples
            Honorific Form
            General Rules for Declining
            Adjective Nouns
            Pronouns
        Participles
        Verbs
            Personal Verbs
                The Concept of Verb and Tense
                Deriving the Tenses
                First Conjugation
                    Present Tense
                The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and the 9th Conjugations
            Impersonal Verbs
            The Passive Verbs
            The Verb “to be”
        Sentences
        Conclusion
    Part IV. Afterword
        Uniqueness
        Ingenuity and Innovation
        Pragmatics
        Departure from Traditional Grammars
            Letters and Sounds
            Types of Words
            Morpho-phonemics
            Case
            Attitude toward Language Usage
        Challenges
            Pronunciation/Phonology
            Morphology
            Grammatical Concepts
        Foundation for Later Analysis
        Society
        Conclusion
            Into the Future
    Part V. Appendices
        A. Vowels
        B. Consonants
        C. Nominal Suffixes
        D. Verbs
            Personal Verbs
                Verbs of the 1st Conjugation
                Verbs of the 2nd Conjugation
                Verbs of the 3rd Conjugation
                Verbs of the 4th Conjugation
                Verbs of the 5th Conjugation
                Verbs of the 6th Conjugation
                Verbs of the 7th Conjugation
                Verbs of the 8th Conjugation
                Verbs of the 9th Conjugation
            Impersonal Verbs
            Passive Verbs
        E. Tenses and Subtenses
        F. Tamil Words
        G. The Literary Works of Henrique Henriques, S. J.
    Bibliography
    Index



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